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Mummy Research Paper

Page history last edited by anufriye513 10 years, 9 months ago

Mummies are one the rarest wonders of the world. Some people often question the thought of why mummies were made, who were mummified, how to prepare mummies, who made mummies, and where mummies were buried. There are many interesting facts about mummies, and many of them are waiting for you to discover.

     The Egyptians made mummies for several reasons. First of all, the Egyptians made mummies to get them into the afterlife. The Egyptians once had said, "Death was the night of going forth to life." Also, the Egyptians thought if your body wasn't preserved, you would not be given immortality. According to them, it's a difficult journey into the afterlife, with lakes of fire to cross and monsters to avoid. Finally, the Egyptians believed that they had a body with five non physical aspects. The major aspects were the Ba, the Ka, and the Akh. This is similar to the idea of souls or spirits. In conclusion, Egyptians made mummies so that they would be reborn into the state of immortality.

     There were a lot of different kinds of people and animals who were mummified. First they mummified mammals. This included baboons, cats, jackals, and rams. Second, they mummified wealthy and poor people. Of course, wealthy people could afford more elaborately prepared mummies than the poor could. Most importantly, some famous mummies are pharaohs or kings. For example, Ramses II and Tutankhamen. To sum it up, there were many different kinds of mummies, from animals to humans.

     You are probably wondering how mummies are prepared. It is rather a gory method, but it got the job done. First, the body was dehydrated using Natron, a type of salt, to draw moisture out of the tissues. Then, the stomach, lungs, intestines, and liver were removed in the left side of the abdomen , and only the heart was left in place because it was considered the center of reasoning. Second, they removed the brain with a hook through the hole that was pierced in the nose. After that, when the body was dried, it was treated with perfumes and resins that helped seal out moisture. Finally, they stuffed the body with straw, linen, moss, or other material to give it a more life like appearance. Did you know the whole process took 70 days to complete? To put it simply, mummies were prepared by taking out organs while drying out the body.

     The people who made the mummies were called Embalmers. Yet, they were not the first to make mummies. It turns out the Chin Chorro people of Chile took bodies apart, then put them back together again. Also, Embalmers worked on the west bank of the Nile River. Back then, Embalmers were always men. The last thing is, Embalmers worked in open air tents. The tents were called the "place of purification." Basically, the people who made mummies were Embalmers.

     Now, we almost forgot to talk about where mummies were buried. Actually, mummies were not just buried in tombs, they used to be buried in hot, dry desert sand. Naturally preserved mummies were found in mountain glaciers due to the process of freezing. When mummies were buried in tombs, they were put in a coffin, or Sarcophagus. Inside the tomb, a mummies organs are stored in jars. The mummy also gets buried with his or her precious things. Egyptians believed they will use these things in the afterlife. So, mummies were buried in hot, dry desert sand, through artificial means, and in temples.

     In conclusion, the interesting facts about mummies were; why they're made, who were mummified, how they were prepared, who made mummies, and where they were buried. Indeed, mummies really are one of the rarest wonders of the world.

 

Bibliography:

     Malam, John. Mummies. Boston: King Fischer, 2003.

     "Mummy." World Book. 2008 ed: 924

     "Mummy." World Book. 2008 ed: 925

     "Mummy." World Book. 2008 ed. 926

 

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