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research paper dreams

Page history last edited by rodgers192 10 years, 10 months ago


Sleeping is a beautiful thing, and so is everything that happens in our sleep. While sleeping, you start to dream, but have you ever wondered what causes your dreams, or what they mean, or why we have nightmares? Dreams have lots of meanings and lots of reasons why they happen.


Dreams have been around since the beginning of time. In ancient times, dreams were originally believed to be messages from the gods, and Christians revived the belief that dreams were super natural events. Over time, there were lots of theories of how and why dreams occurred. Sigmund Freud, an Austrian psychiatrist’s theory was that dreams were the repression of certain desires, which the dreams expressed through symbolism. It was also believed that sleep, was the period of time where you would rest your mind and body. However that theory was proved wrong over time, scientist figured out that the mind is actually very active during sleep, which allows our dreams to occur. These moving pictures that occur in our sleep have been a mystery for centuries, and is not all the way figured out yet.


Although we don’t know all the science behind dreams, we do know what happens while we sleep. During our sleep there are two parts, REM, which means rapid eye movement, and NREM, which means non rapid eye movement. In between these two parts of sleep there are five stages. In stage one you start to have slow brain waves also known as “theta waves”, this stage only last about 5-10 minutes, and is the period of sleep between wakefulness and sleep.

The next stage, stage two, is where your brain starts to have rapid rhythmic brain waves, which is also called “sleep spindles”. This stage usually last around 20 minutes. During this stage your body temp. decreases and so does your heart rate. Leading us now to stage three, where you start to have deep, and slow brain waves, called delta waves. This stage is the period between light and deep sleep. Next up is stage four. In stage four you emerge into delta sleep, where your brain waves are immensely slow. This stage lasts around 30 minutes and you are most likely to have wetted the bed and have sleepwalked by the end of this stage. Finally there is stage five ,the last stage of sleep. This stage is part 2 of our sleep, REM. In this stage, and in this stage only you start to dream. Your brain activity is increased and your muscles are relaxed completely, allowing us to start dreaming. Although sleep might seem whole there are 2 parts and five stages within those parts, and what happens within them are very complex.




The most mysterious thing about our dreams, is the fact of why we dream about what we dream about. And what exactly is a dream? Well, the definition for a dream is, “a series of thoughts, images and sensations occurring in a persons mind during sleep.” what causes them you say?! Well, dreams come from emotion built up inside us, that we are not able to express. So when we go to sleep the brain will “flush out” the emotional arousal by creating a dream that is similar to the real life experience. Besides that, the topic of our dreams can be about what we constantly think, memories, or our imagination. Basically we have

four kind of dreams ; symbolic, psychic, dreams that rehearse day events, and messages from our subconscious mind. Each dream we have is unique because of the different types and what happens in our daily lives.

Dreams can mean things and reveal certain things about yourself, you didn’t even know. In symbolic dreams, symbols appear while you sleep and most mean something. For example, if you see an airplane in your dream, it symbolizes overcoming obstacles. If you find yourself falling however, it means you have failed achieve a goal. Dream symbols can also send you warnings, for example, if you see thunder, that means you should pay attention more for the next few days. People have tried to interpret dreams since the very beginning. In ancient Egyptian time, if you saw yourself dead In a dream it meant that you would have along life, but if you saw yourself putting another's face to the ground, it meant the dead wanted something. And in ancient Mesopotamian times, cannibalism in a dream meant riches and good luck, on the other hand, eating eating yourself in a dream meant your eldest son would die. Dreams can show you what you want and sometimes what you need, they point out insecurities, imbalances, and problems in your life that need to be resolved.

Dreams can be nice, but sometimes they can be scary. The worst moments in our sleep are usually nightmares, but what triggers a nightmare? Nightmares are usually triggered by a late night snack because it jump starts the brain, and can cause your brain to produce all kinds of ideas. Medicines like narcotics can also have effects as well. Even your last few thoughts before sleep can do the trick. Nightmares are most common in young children usually the ages between 5-10, but adults also have them. Nightmares can be something that’s troubling you or strange ideas. Some people have nightmares so often they are diagnosed with a dreaming disorder, which can cause repeating nightmares and post-traumatic stress disorder as well. Nightmares are apart of all dreams and can be dangerous at some times.

Everyone at one time in their life has woken up and thought they did not have a dream. Turns out what you thought you didn't have, was there but you just didn't remember it. Dreams are easily forgotten once we wake up, we have dreams every night but we just cant remember them. Some people don't remember any of the dreams they have. There have been many theories of why we cant remember, but they are only theories. One possibility is that our brain chemicals don't allow us to remember. Another, is that we are unable to pay attention while we're sleeping. Remembering our dreams are much harder than we think, but we can remember them sometimes, and when we do, its a great thing to hold on to.

In conclusion, dream s have been apart of history since the beginning of man kind. There are many complications within sleep including the different kinds and the different stages. People have tried to figure out how dreams work and to interpret what they mean for centuries. Dreams can be harmless or dangerous when it comes to nightmares, and remembering the topic can be quite complicated. Dreams are apart of our everyday life and are a mysterious complex part of sleep.

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